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The stone houses at Hoyo de Manzanares
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Hoyo de Manzanares’ antiquity and tradition has made possible to keep up to now their primitive stone buildings in many of its houses. The interest that these dwellings arise in the town has prompted the locals to set a route around the most important ones. After a steady work they have grouped their houses in urban architecture, urban-rural, rural, residential architecture and villas.

According to this structure, Urban Architecture is set by buildings where the house is understood as part of a street fabric, with different uses as rural ones. The houses are detached, two stories, concerted masonry walls and covered under two or four slopes with flat tiles. The lower floor is made for commercial purposes and the higher level is for living. There date is the beginning of the 20th Century.

About the Urban-rural architecture, it must be said that it comes from the rural one and its buildings belong to the second half of the 19th century. They keep rural uses, but it starts to open to the urban fabric, so the houses can be aligned with streets or detached. There are one story tall, with boned ashlars and having the corners strengthened with granite ashlars. They are only a few and small windows, with stone attachments. They are covered leading to two gables, with Arabic tiles, and small eaves in wood. The most ancient ones date from the end of the 18th century.

Inside the town villas, we find dwellings with no similitude among them. Generally speaking, they are simple buildings, having one or two stories, with coordinated masonry, and enclosed rectangular openings made with stone or bricks. They are covered by two or four slopes with flat tiles. Usually one can gain access to these houses using a small staircase ending in a balcony.

Residential architecture has been shaped by the so-called summertime areas, which commenced in the mountains of Madrid at the beginnings of 20th century,
after hobbies such as hunting and because of the health benefits the mountain weather provides and the joy of nature attached to the area.

The guide “Nuestras Casas de Piedra” (Our Stone-made Houses) has more detailed information about these matters and may be obtained at the Tourist Information Office in Hoyo de Manzanares.
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Artículos de Interés
The stone houses at Hoyo de Manzanares
Un sabroso recorrido por la Sierra de Guadarrama
Sierra de Guadarrama Meat, much more than Meat
Cercedilla: from a place to pass by to a residential area
Manzanares Castle: Half Fortress, Half Dream Palace
Madrid’s Camino to Santiago de Compostela
The primitive ice industry
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